Manual Anti-Poverty Psychology

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These diplomacies are human skills at managing relations and projects between organizations; at inter-organizational psychology. Exemplar domains of practice would include for instance multi-organizational joint ventures, and multi-sector aid projects. As Professors Saner and Yiu point out in their review of new diplomacy activities, humanitarian work psychologists have been involved in negotiating the inclusion of decent work in national government plans for poverty reduction, and working alongside the International Labor Organization to help foster its own Decent Work Agenda.

25 Ways Psychologists Can Work to End Poverty – Psychology Benefits Society

What are the main challenges a WOP psychologist would face in this area? How could they be faced? On an everyday practical and professional level, , an obvious potential challenge is finding a job, with a livable wage. Newly graduating practitioners will be eager to enter the workforce and the for-profit sector is likely to offer a competitive income and benefits package.

The Psychology of Poverty

However it is possible to find HR Jobs that work with social responsibility programs; or even manage a private practice alongside consulting to and for NGOs services, for instance in recruitment and selection and retention. Yet you might be able to find some HR work that includes corporate social responsibility programs, including for example local workforce development and healthcare Osicki, Some practitioners also manage to blend their private practice with providing consultancy services, on a part-time basis, to NGOs, for example in recruitment and selection.

There are diverse challenges a WOP psychologist might face in developing skills for humanitarian work practice, but they are not really any different from working in the for-profit sector. For example there are professional networks in humanitarian work psychology, designed in part to help find work, and continue with professional development, e. Capital can take many forms, from financial to human and social. The added value that humanitarian work psychology brings to companies is an overt and explicit focus on decent work for employees, which includes not just aid workers but all employees in all industries, from the garment sector to mining-and-minerals; fair-trade farming to safety and sustainability at sea.

How can Humanitarian Work Psychology help in covering the needs of companies? As the global and local environment continues to degrade, and the premium mounts on building consumer trust and confidence, businesses are going to have to pay serious attention to doing well by doing more good in the community; and by acting in a socially and environmentally responsible manner Aguinis, Companies need humanitarian work psychology to help them understand the human factors, like trust and confidence, involved in building genuine rapport with society Carr, A key example of where companies need psychological services just as much as aid organizations do is in paying decent wages.

This often happens for instance in the mining sector.

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Companies do not need such negatives if they are to themselves prosper. How can business companies measure the ROI when joining or creating a project in humanitarian work psychology? Communities nowadays are often extremely diverse, for example through immigration, and this presents both challenges and opportunities for HR practice.

  1. Anti-poverty psychology [electronic resource] in SearchWorks catalog.
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Take Sirrea Monroe, a former nursing home aide currently managing the night shift at a convenience store to support her kids. But behind her stories is an astonishing array of mental juggling that never stops. A simple trip to the grocery store requires extensive arithmetic and a binder of coupons. Halloween costumes are homemade not for fun, but because they have to be.

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A bigger surprise, like a major car repair or an emergency trip to the dentist, can make that tailspin last for months or even years. Indeed, reframed in the context of mental bandwidth, the fact that Sirrea Monroe successfully holds a job, keeps her kids fed and clothed, and maintains her apartment while simultaneously wrangling the onslaught of brain-taxing complexity inherent in her everyday life starts to seem pretty impressive.

The fact that she does it all while also making handmade costumes and knitting her own winterwear makes it seem downright herculean. The mentally overwhelming nature of poverty might seem daunting to policymakers—just one more challenging aspect of an already complex problem. But where some see cause for despair, Anthony Barrows sees opportunity.

Consider this: During World War II, the military was plagued with a series of accidents in which bomber pilots would successfully complete difficult missions but inexplicably retract their wheels during landing, thus crashing their planes on the runway. No one could figure out why. Had they gotten sloppy? Forgotten their training? It turned out that, in the cockpit, the lever for the wheels looked and felt almost exactly like the lever for the flaps. In the flurry of activity during landing, the pilots were just pulling the wrong one, as Shafir recounts in his book.

When the military changed the levers so they could be differentiated by touch, lo and behold, the crashes stopped. Think about that. It helps to realize that, even in the best of circumstances and regardless of tax bracket , the human brain is surprisingly quirky, and in consistent, predictable ways. As researchers like Richard Thaler, Cass Sunstein, and Dan Ariely have pointed out in the bestsellers Nudge and Predictably Irrational , all of us, no matter our education or income level, routinely act in irrational ways.

We eat more in restaurants where the plates are bigger. We buy more when the shopping carts are larger. We are more afraid of flying than driving, though driving is more dangerous. Instead of fighting against these and other natural quirks, policies informed by the study of behavioral economics work with them—tailored to the natural contours of our predictably irrational minds.

This is what your company is onto when they display the fresh fruit attractively at eye level in the cafeteria, or automatically enroll new hires in the company k. Yet behaviorally informed policies make even more sense for people whose mental bandwidth is already overloaded by the demands of poverty. Rather than asking overwhelmed people to fight upstream against these universal quirks of the mind, it makes sense to design programs that account for them, and even employ them, to propel people to success.

Across the country, non-profits, schools, community colleges, and others are exploring ways to do just that. Sometimes it only takes a small tweak to make a big difference:. Crazy, right? Where to begin? Who to turn to for help? So Guttman has only five majors. Students are guided through a carefully structured process to help them select the right major and succeed in their courses. Once a week, students attend a required group advising session for support and guidance.

They also have access to peer mentors, and are grouped together in classes to encourage mutual support and coordinated instruction.

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It seems to be working. The average three-year graduation rate for U. By limiting choices and guiding students through specific pathways, Guttman overcomes the natural decision paralysis that plagues so many of us in the face of too many choices. In Austria, the country right next door, however, nearly everyone is.

Anti-Poverty Psychology

The difference is not, as one might imagine, some major cultural or religious divergence. In Germany, though, you have to opt in. Behavioral research shows that we are naturally inclined to go with the default choice. This finding is helping a program in Gillette, Wyoming, keep more kids in need from being hungry on weekends. Every Friday afternoon, more than 80 students at Prairie Wind Elementary climb onto their school buses with their backpacks filled with granola bars, mac-and-cheese cups, fruit cups, ravioli, and apples.

While these kids depend on free or reduced school lunch during the week, these bags of food, provided by the nonprofit Blessings in a Backpack, are lunch for the weekend. From the standpoint of mental bandwidth, the program is nearly ideal. If the family car breaks down, the food still gets home. In a fascinating study about identity, female Asian-American college students were asked to take a math test. Before the test, one group was asked questions that primed them to think of themselves as women first for example, their views about co-ed dorms.

The second group was asked questions that primed them to think of themselves as Asian first what languages they spoke at home, how many generations of their family had lived in the United States.

Contemplating Scarcity and Its Implications for Microfinance and Poverty Alleviation

Astonishingly, the women primed to think of themselves as female performed worse on the test than those primed to think of themselves as Asian. Simply awakening that side of their identity—and the stereotypes that go with it—actually changed their performance. Many organizations are realizing that the language they use, and thus the identities they prime, really matter, says Matt Helmer, senior policy analyst at the Seattle Housing Authority and author of a white paper on behavioral economics in workforce development.

At the workforce development nonprofit Cincinnati Works, participants are respectfully welcomed into an attractive, well-lit office and referred to not as recipients, but members. These choices in language and program design awaken an identity of active participant rather than passive recipient, thus fostering a sense of dignity and possibility.

The school-based health center movement, for example, is bringing primary health care to the school setting, thus removing any obstacles transportation, time off work, cost that might prevent parents from getting their kids to the doctor. An invention called the Glow-Cap—a prescription bottle whose cap glows to remind you to open it on the prescribed schedule—may help overwhelmed patients manage chronic illnesses more effectively. Some community colleges are now offering free metro cards to low-income students to alleviate the strain of unreliable transportation.